The Trajectory Analysis Chart for this standard when Reading Literature looks like this:
|RL K.3||With prompting and support, identify characters, settings, and major events in a story.|
|RL 1.3||Describe characters, settings, and major events in a story, using key details.|
|RL 2.3||Describe how characters in a story respond to major events and challenges.|
|RL 3.3||Describe characters in a story (e.g., their traits, motivations, or feelings) and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events.|
|RL 4.3||Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character’s thoughts, words, or actions).|
|RL 5.3||Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., how characters interact).|
|RL 6.3||Describe how a particular story’s or drama’s plot unfolds in a series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution.|
|RL 7.3||Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).|
|RL 8.3||Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision.|
|RL 9-10.3||Analyze how complex characters (e.g., those with multiple or conflicting motivations) develop over the course of a text, interact with other characters, and advance the plot or develop the theme.|
|RL 11-12.3||Analyze the impact of the author’s choices regarding how to develop and relate elements of a story or drama (e.g., where a story is set, how the action is ordered, how the characters are introduced and developed).|
Recently, my friend Allison Miller (teaching 8th-grade English) invented a user-friendly way to teach this standard. Check out the “Using Plot Points to Analyze Characters” organizer below (Note: The file is available here: Using Plot Points to Analyze Characters ORGANIZER).
Plot Point (What’s happening?)
What is REVEALED about the character(s)?
HOW do you know? (Use evidence from the text.)
|Climax/ Turning Point:
I created a model using How the Grinch Stole Christmas by Dr. Seuss, available here: Using Plot Points to Analyze Characters MODEL
Allison’s 8th-grade student Ateera Blackwood also contributed her own example based on the story “Abuela Invents the Zero” from An Island Like You by Judith Ortiz Cofer, available here: Using Plot Points to Analyze Characters STUDENT EXAMPLE
*Note: The organizer and models (along with other character analysis tools!) can also be found on the TLC “Analyzing Literature” page.